Monday, 18 May 2015

Figures of Speech Based on Similarity or Likeness

Figures of Speech Based on Similarity or Likeness can be divided into Simile, Metaphor, Personification, and Apostrophe.

Similie is a figure in which a comparison is made between two objects of different kinds which are alike at least in one point.

Examples of Simile:
-She is as strong as a lion.
-Elsa is like a lovely rose.

Metaphor is a figure in which there is comparison of one thing with another without the words like or as.

Examples of Metaphor:
-She is the lion of the battle.
-Ministers are the pillars of state.

Personification is a figure in which objects without life are spoken of as having the qualities of a human being.

Examples of Personification:
-The earth thirsts for rain, when it rains it smiles with plenty.
-Let not Ambition mock their useful toil.

Apostrophe is a figure by which the speaker addresses some inanimate thing or some abstract idea as if it were a living person or some absent person as if he were present.

Examples of Apostrophe:
-Come back to me, dear Cleopatra, in the pride of thy beauty.
-O Death, the poor man’s friend and the best.

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