Figures of Speech Based on Similarity or Likeness can be divided into Simile, Metaphor, Personification, and Apostrophe.
Similie is a figure in which a comparison is made between two objects of different kinds which are alike at least in one point.
Examples of Simile:
-She is as strong as a lion.
-Elsa is like a lovely rose.
Metaphor is a figure in which there is comparison of one thing with another without the words like or as.
Examples of Metaphor:
-She is the lion of the battle.
-Ministers are the pillars of state.
Personification is a figure in which objects without life are spoken of as having the qualities of a human being.
Examples of Personification:
-The earth thirsts for rain, when it rains it smiles with plenty.
-Let not Ambition mock their useful toil.
Apostrophe is a figure by which the speaker addresses some inanimate thing or some abstract idea as if it were a living person or some absent person as if he were present.
Examples of Apostrophe:
-Come back to me, dear Cleopatra, in the pride of thy beauty.
-O Death, the poor man’s friend and the best.