Figures of Speech Based on Construction or Arrangement of Words - Figures of Speech Based on Construction or Arrangement of Words is divided into seven. They are Interrogation, Exclamation, Climax, Anti-Climax, Hyperbole, Transferred Epithet, and Tautology.
Interrogation is a statement thrown into the form of a question for rhetorical effect.
Examples of Interrogation:
-Can flattery soothe the duil cold ear of Death?
-Can two walk together except they be agreed.
Exclamation is a figure in which the exclamatory form is used to draw greater attention to a point than a mere bald statement of it could do.
Examples of Exclamation:
-What a piece of work is man!
-How are the mighty fallen!
Climax is afigure in which the scenes rises by successive steps to what is more and more important and impressive.
Examples of Climax:
-I came, I saw, I conquered.
-She growls,she hisses, she stings.
Anti-Climax is a figure that significances a descent from the higher to the lower.
Examples of Anti-Climax:
-The soldiers fought for glory and a shilling a day.
-For thy sake, my love, I would do anything but die.
Hyperbole is a greatly eaggerated statement (used mainly for effect but not intended to be taken literally).
Eamples of Hyperbole:
-He would draw the stage with tears.
-I was bored to death by his ceaseless chatter.
Transferred Epithet is a figure in which an epithet belongs to some other words closely connected with it.
Examples of Transferred Epithet:
-He passed a sleepless night.
-he tossed from side to side on his restless pillow.
Tautology is the use of unnecessary words to express the same idea.
Examples of Tautology:
-The one sole survivor of the wreck was an American.-he dwelt in a onely isolation.